G. Russell Electronics

Russell, a leader of the Central Pennsylvania Timex/Sinclair Computer Users Group, founded G. Russell Electronics. It was is named after his wife, who did all the marketing.

He unexpectedly landed in the electronics business when he creating the Winky Board. The passive device plugs into the cassette tape recorder to produce easier tape loading. It also has other functions, such as a tape duplicating capability and an earphone eavesdropper.

The users group in Pennsylvania developed other products that were marketed by G. Russell.


Colors on your black and white TV via optical illusion.
TS 1000
Power supply-computer interface. Solves most overheating problems.
TS 1000
ZX81 TS 1000 TS 1500
Spectrum (Kempston) compatible joystick interface. Plugs into cartridge port.
TS 2068
Plans for building 256×192 addition for hi-res display.
TS 1000
Collection of MC utilities; 256 x 192 resolution on TS2040 or ZX Printer. Includes plotting points, point to point line drawing, mixing hi-res and keyboard characters, full screen drawing. Reverse side: LEASTHR; weighted least squares linear regression analysis routine; outputs hi res straight line graphs calculated from x, y coordinates of data.
TS 1000
Debugged/improved LPRINT, CLS, SCROLL, DIM and more. Full display file, SCROLL/CLS work properly, LPRINT small numbers (.0001), DIM very large single strings (DIM A$(47000)) in 64K and a few other changes incorporated. For the 16K TS1000, TS1500 or ZX81.
ZX81 TS 1000 TS 1500
Unlocks unSAVEable, unLISTable cassette programs. After LOADing this short machine language program, any TS/ZX cassette program subsequently LOADed instantly becomes SAVEable and LISTable. Also allows LOADing two programs, one after another and MERGE them into one program. Display number of bytes remaining in RAM for programming at any time, instantly.
TS 1000
Machine language word processor developed exclusively for the Timex 2068 by Micro Systems Software, Inc., the authors of MTERM II (Smart Terminal II). It is the only popular word processor that takes advantage of the Timex 2068 64 column extended screen mode for a 64×22 text display. Other features include full control of text width
Downloadable TS 2068
ZX81 TS 1000 TS 1500
ROMFIX upgrades the Russell Electronics ROMSWITCH to run all Spectrum programs. Installs under the EXROM.
TS 2068
ROMSWITCH is a device that permits you to run both TS2068 and most Sinclair ZX SPECTRUM programs on your TS2068. With ROMSWITCH installed, you can easily switch between your TS ROM and a SPECTRUM ROM supplied with ROMSWITCH. The device mounts permanently inside your computer. No soldering, drilling or running wires is required. Essentially, to
TS 2068
Lets you use Sinclair Spectrum micro drives/other Spectrum hardware on the TS 2068.
TS 2068
Train your computer to obey your voice commands. Used a microphone and amplifier connected to the microphone jack to record and recognize words. Included speech amplifier unit, program and documentation. An article by Brad Bennett in Sync v3 n6 described how to build the speech amplifier unit and included a program for recording “voice prints”
TS 2068
Train your computer to obey your voice commands. Recognizes up to eight spoken words. Used a microphone and amplifier connected to the microphone jack to record and recognize words. Included speech amplifier unit, program and documentation.
Downloadable TS 2068
Passive filter that plugged into the cassette tape recorder to produce easier tape loading. Supported other functions such as a tape duplication and listening via earphone.
TS 1000
Tape interface that filters noise when saving for clean, easy loading tapes. Duplicate any cassette โ€”even normally unsavable cassettes. Save on two cassettes simultaneously. Monitor signal via earphone to set optimum tape volume.
TS 1000
The Winky Board 2000 brought the same features of the Winky Board to TS 2068 users. It provided visual feedback of signal level, a jack for monitoring the signal itself and was a tool for duplicating cassettes as backups.
TS 1000 TS 2068
Powerful, easy to learn and use text and graphics processing program. Features include text entry, full screen edit, text listing, searching, block move and delete and two string replacement commands. The print command allows you to preset both right and left margins and tab positions, enter the desired number of lines per page, and the
TS 1000
Cassette storage system that SAVES/LOADS 6-10x faster than normal, with error checking. Fast array variable and binary data save/load independent of program save/load. Available as EPROM, mapped to 14-16K, or cassette tape, mapped to 16-18K, 25-27K, or 30-32K.
ZX81 TS 1000
Two-pass assembler that supports symbolic expressions. Initially available separately. Available on EPROM.
Downloadable TS 1000 TS 1500
ZX81 TS 1000 TS 1500


  • Across the Pond
    Describes Spectrum emulator ROM options from Doug Dewey (EMU-1 and EMU-2), Bill Russell (Romswitch), need for a twister board (like the Z-Link) to use Spectrum bus devices like microdrives or Wafadrive, and the A & J Microdrive that plugs directly into the 2068.
  • Chroma Soft TS 1000 Review
    Review of a program that displays color by flashing at different rates.
  • Clarification
    Winky Board manufacturer Gerry Russell says the SAVE filter feature should be used only if high frequency RAM pack noise prevents SAVEing.
  • Editor Ramblings
    K Mart selling 1000 for 29.97. Price drop for Winky 2. TS 2000 as a business machine. Computech offers educational programs. New 64K RAM packs from Barlog and Gladstone.
  • Editor Ramblings
    Digitalizer from Eulyn Electronics, Super Winky from G. Russell Electronics. TS 1000 down to $39.95 with rebate. Virtuoso music synthesis program from W. D. Maples. The People’s Computer Supply company.
  • Editor Ramblings
    Magazine printed with daisy wheel printer. Spectrum micro drives not disk. Sinclair and Timex sales figures. Amateur radio users. Educational software from 2-Bit Software. Program of the month club. Winky Board 2.
  • Editor Ramblings
    Gladstone selling Sinclair thermal printer. Gladstone replacement keyboard also mentioned. Memotech GP-100 printer. CAI/40 printer from CAI. Timex demo booths at K-Mart. Winky board. Mistakes in Sept 1982 issue. Run-It Software Club.
  • Enter
    Excitement for First Annual Timex/Sinclair Computer Fest. Speakers include Mark Fendrick, Jerry Chamkis, Jack Roberts, Thomas Woods.
  • For Your Support
    AN-TO Productions is marketing QUICKEY 2068 keyboard overlays. Overlays are available for the following programs: AccuDraw T2, Artworx v1.1, Tasword/Tasprint, Mscript (regular and V5) and Omnicalc II. There is also a key finder and a blank overlay for your own programs. Bill Bell announces the availability of an Oliger Video Version of BBDOS for the
  • For Your Support
    Column announcing hardware, software for Timex/Sinclair owners. Products from Bruce Taylor, Fred Nachbaur, Tom Woods, John Oliger, Jack Donahy, 21st Century Electronics, Zebra Systems, Steve Wyatt, G. Russell Electronics and Tad Painter listed.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcements from C. W. Associates, Gulf Micro Electronics, Aerco, G. Russell Electronics, Melvin MacKaron, Ace Software, Rheesware, EZ-KEy, Falmouth Computer Service, Damco Enterprises, A.F.R. Software, John Oliger, Van Vangor, T-Ware, Integrated Data Systems.
  • For Your Support
    Hardware and software announcements from many vendors.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcements from G. Russell Electronics, Byte-Back, Variety Sales, Chia-Chi Chao, Larken Electronics, Sams, Fred Nachbaur, Lemke Software Development and E. Arthur Brown.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcements from Softaid, TEJ Computer Products, G. Russell Electronics, Integrated Data Systems, Sharp’s, Richard Booth, J. Keene, Pratt Programs, Robotron Industries, Knighted Computers, Ray Rash and Fred Nachbaur.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcement from Bill Bell, G. Russell Electronics, Dunbar Aitkens, I. B. A. Computer Users Network, Brice Road Pharmacy, Damco Enterprises, Sharp’s, C. W. Associates.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcements from John Oliger Co., NovelSoft, Willcocks Research Consultants, Grey & Clifford Computer Products, Knighted Computers, G. Russell Electronics, Jim Houston Enterprises, Larken Electronics, Chia-Chi Chao, Fred Nachbaur, Robert Fischer, Bill Heberlein, Bill Bell, C. W. Associates.
  • For Your Support
    Product announcements from Fred Nachbaur, John Oliger Co., Grey & Clifford Computer Products, Larken Electronics, Chia-Chi Chao, Robert Fischer, Bill Bell, G. Russell Electronics, EZRA Group II, RMG Enterprises, David Hill, Paul Holmgren, GLENN Technics, John Deering.
  • For Your Support
    Products from Allan Wolach, C. W. Associates, Chia-Chi Chao, Don Dailey, Ed Grey, Fred Nachbaur, G. Russell Electronics, Newpower Inc., Paul Bingham, Robert Fischer, SAF User Group, Samson Okoloko, Steve Wyatt, Time Designs and Tom Woods.
  • G Russell Developing New ZX/TS Products
    Bill Russell tells SYNTAX he’s creating some new products for ZX/TS machines as well as for the 2068.
  • Hardware Review: 2068/Spectrum ROMSwitch
    Review of the ROMSwitch.
  • Highlights of the Last Meeting
    Sue Mahoney opened the meeting with an update on the status of the new Timex computers. She said the TS-1500 and the TS-2000 series would be shipped to the distributors in August. The TS-1500 is an upgraded version of the TS-1000. It has movable keys and 16K of built-in RAM memory. Sue said she has
  • In the Mailbag
  • Machine Specifics: Orphans
    Hardware and software for 1000/1500 from Zebra, RMG and Markel Enterprises. Spectrum ROM from Knighted, Sprites 2068 from Zebra, ROMSWITCH from Russell Electronics.
  • Mass Storage for the TS-1000 Has Arrived!
    Overview of load utilities and mass storage systems including ZXLR8 Fasload, Winky Board, A & J Microdrive, and Aerco and Larken disk systems.
  • Miscellany
  • More Hardware: Clock/Calendar, Winky Board II
    Reviews of Clock/Calendar Board by JK Audio, Winky Board II by G. Russell Electronics.
  • More Software: Key Load
    Review of Key Load by G. Russell Electronics
  • New Product News
    Announcements of ROMSWITCH, DLS Buyer’s Guide, A&J Micro Drive, Textwriter software and Fastfile.
  • New Product News
    Spectrum emulators available; disk systems for 2068; terminal software for modem; cartridge version (HOT Z-AROS) of Hot Z-2068 available.
  • New Products
    Compcooler and Speech Recognition System from G. Russell Electronics.
  • New Products & Rumors
  • New Products and Services (Syntax v3 n12)
    New products from Matthew Zenkar, G. Russell Electronics, MicroSync Services, Stephen Adams, E. Alvarez, Norris Electronics, Gladstone, Kopak, M.C. Hoffman, Stuart Software, Dale Lipinksi, TSG Enterprises, QZX Newsletter, Intercomputer, Lamo-Lem, JACYN Electronics.
  • New Products and Services (Syntax v3 n9)
    New products from f/22 Press, NIM Electronics, Stuart Software, Norris Electronics, G. Russell Electronics, Lyon Ware, Fulcrum Products, Martin Irons.
  • New Products and Services (Syntax v4 n6)
    New products from Daydesign, Compuwiz, G. Russell Electronics, SofTec, DJM Software, Compucraft, DK’tronics, Timeworks, Toptronics, Florida Creations, ZX/TS Software Exchange Club, Busyness, SyncWare, Memotech, Stuart Software.
  • New Products and Services (Syntax v5 n1)
    New books from Prentice-Hall, Hayden; SRS Speech Recognition System from G. Russell Electronics; DO-CALC; Software from Banta Software; RAMPAGER from Robotec.
  • New Products and Services (Syntax v5 n9)
    Educational software from Peech II Productions; Invo-Star from Magic World Software; LOAN$ from Hybridion; ROMSwitch from Russell Electronics; T/S Grader; ZX Programmer’s Companion (book); Timex/Sinclair 2068 Intermediate/Advanced Guide (book); programs from I. Auersbacher; Pion Software; Textwriter.
  • Products from Russell Electronics [Review]
    Reviews of ROMFIX, GAMESMATE JOYSTICK INTERFACE. ROMFIX upgrades the Russell Electronics ROMSWITCH to run all Spectrum programs. The joystick interface is a cartridge dock board that gives your 2068 a Kempston style joystick port.
  • Resources (Sync v2 n5)
    Listing of new user groups, books and other resources.
  • Resources (Sync v3 n6)
    Listing of new user groups, books and other resources.
  • Reviews for the Non-Programmer
    Review of Chroma-Soft, a program and a yellow filter for the TV screen, that generates some color through flashing. Update on Word* for the ZX81.
  • ROMSwitch
  • ROMSwitch News
  • ROMSwitch News
  • ROMSwitch News
  • Russell Electronics ROMSWITCH
    Review of the plug-in board that allows for both Timex and ZX Spectrum ROMs inside the computer with a magnet reed switch on the outside.
  • Spectrum Compatibility & the 2068 Romswitch
    As most 2068 owners know by now, you can gain access to the hundreds of Sinclair Spectrum software titles available in the U.K., by changing your 2068 ROM (Read Only Memory). This can be done in a number of ways, and one quite elegant method is by the use of the Russell Electronics’ Romswitch.
  • Spectrum Feedback
  • Spectrum Program RUN-test
  • Speech Recognition System
    Review of the program from G. Russell Electronics.
  • T/S 2068 -- Spectrum
    Three devices to allow TS 2068 to run Spectrum programs: Spectrum ROM available from Foote Software; ROMSWITCH from G. Russell Electronics and EMU-1 from Enter Lingua.
  • T/S Entrepreneurs
    Products that have come from the Central Pennsylvania Timex Sinclair User Group include the Winky Board, ZXLLR8, math packages, inverse video circuit, robot.
  • The Winky Board II
    Review of the Winky Board II.
  • Timex Sinclair Survival Column
    Reflects on one year of the column. Describes alternatives to the microdrives (A&J Microdrive), ROMSwitch from G. Russell Electronics.
  • Timex/Sinclair News & Resources
  • Tiny invention makes perfect saves & loads
    Review of the Winky Board 2.
  • Vendor Report
    Updates from Synergistic Designs, E. Arthur Brown, G. Russell Electronics; about Timex Sinclair User and KOPAK.
  • Winkey Board 2000
    Review of the cassette signal conditioner from G. Russell Electronics.
  • Winky 2000
  • Winky Board 2000
    The WINKY BOARD 2000 from G. Russell Electronics is a small load filter board that plugs into your line between the 2068 (or ANY T/S computer) and your cassette player. It contains 2 LEDs, for indicating load levels, and the necessary components to clean up the line for better load levels.
  • Winky Board II
    Winky Board’s designer bills it as a tape sound conditioner that lets you save bad tapes and copy any ZX/TS tapes, but Winky copies better than it saves.
  • Winky Board II
  • Word Sinc II.5 & Wordfont: TS1000 Review
    If you’re looking for a general use word processor program for home use, WORD SINC II.5 might just be for you. Although several people who have used the earlier versions of WORD SINC, including myself, did not care for the program, this adaptation has several features that make it worth buying.
  • ZX Color? Chroma-Soft
    Review of Russell Electronics’ “experimental software color graphics” that used software tricks to create the illusion of color.
  • ZX81 Cassette Interface
    The Winky Board II is a cassette interface for Timex Sinclair computers that filters electrical interference to yeild clean easy loading tapes, has a LED volume level indicator, can save a program on two tape recorders simultaneously, and contains a program duplication system.
  • ZXLR8
    Review of load/save accelerator.


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